Tuesday, 22 September 2009

Intellectual Property Rights and Biotechnology



 
Introduction

 
The word 'intellectual' means possessing or showing intellect or mental capacity especially to a high degree of an intellectual person; guided or developed by or relying on the intellect rather than upon emotions or feeling; characterized by or suggesting a predominance of intellect. 'Property' means that which a person owns, the possession of a particular owner; ownership right of possession; enjoyment or of anything. 'Rights' means that which is due to anyone by just claim, legal guarantees, moral principles. Therefore, Intellectual Property Rights of any Patents or Process must have some ingenuity and fall within the category of 'inventions' where the 'intellect' must have played a predominal role. 'Discoveries' which already have existed in nature but only have been retrieved by someone and put to benefit of people should not be equalized with inventions. Biotechnology involves use of scientific and engineering principles for processing of materials (organic or inorganic) using biological agents to provide goods and services.

Hunger crusader Norman Borlaug passes away




(image Source: scidevnet)
Norman Borlaug, the Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, renowned for his commitment to fighting hunger in the developing world, has died at the age of 95 on 12 September 2009.

Thursday, 19 March 2009

New website of Bangladesh Academy of Sciences

The new website of Bangladesh Academy of Sciences is nnow online. The sites address is:



Thursday, 26 February 2009

My invovement in the liberation war of Bangladesh

I got the commonwealth scholarship in 1971 to study in the department of Biochemistry in the McGill University for Ph.D. degree. But in 1971, Bangabandhu Shekh Mujib declared independence of Bangladesh in his historic 7 March address at the Suhardy Uddyan and that very night we formed the Bangladesh Association of Quebec probably the first Bangladesh Association in North America and we decided to take active part in the liberation war. I was the founder General Secretary and Dr ( at that time Mr.) Fazal Mohammad was the President. While most other Associations formed after 26th March were busy about lobbying with the government for relief and humanitarian help, we took a different strategy and got some link with the then liberation movement of Quebec and other North American left wing people. Believe it or not that helped a lot. I personally felt more comfortable with the civil society, dock union leaders and the journalists sympathetic to Bangladesh liberation. We decided to align with the opposition as we believed that being a close alley of the Pakistan lover USA, the government of Canada would not be of much help to us accept receiving the memorandum of the Bengaliu community. The officiual stand of Canada government was ' the matter is an internal affair of Bangladesh echoing US position. As the Secretary of the Association, I frequently came in the electronic media criticising the government for sidin with the genocide. I used to frequently threatened by the Pakistan Association. Many of the interesting incidents are fading away from my memory. A few I remember are as follows:

Tuesday, 20 June 2006

Biotechnology and Healthcare

Biotechnology may be defined as ‘any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof to make or modify products or processes for specific use’.  No matter what tools or techniques like DNA marker, gene manipulation, gene transfer, invitro culture, embryo transfer  etc are used, biotechnology like any other technology must give rise to certain products, processes or innovative services. Genetic engineering is the pivot of modern biotechnology. Recombinant drugs like Insulin, Interferon, Growth hormone and a host of others have already been produced through bacterium like E. coli by inserting gene from human and animal sources. And in the advanced countries a revolution has already taken place  with biotechnological products.

Wednesday, 30 November 2005

Science Culture- Challenge for Developing Country

Science is an adventure of the whole human race. Creative, cumulative and ever evolving scientific knowledge and its application through innovation has resulted in products, processes and services benefiting the mankind. Science has given knowledge, the tools as well as methodologies for speeding up development creating new resources using new technology. Industrialists have made good use of scientific discoveries for social  benefit as well as for making money. The communication between scientists, entrepreneurs, policy makers, public and civil society  is sometimes  covered by mistrust, anxiety and confusion. That science should be a public knowledge, communicable, unambiguous and objective seem to be ignored. A gap has arisen between scientific pursuit and the public understanding of science through unnecessary complications. A broad understanding of the methods of science  and a general knowledge of some of the scientific endeavours by the nonscienists has been given a number of terms like scientific literacy, public understanding of science and so called science culture. The idea is to narrow the gap between the producer of scientific knowledge and its users. There is unequal spread of education in the developed and developing countries. The developed world has abolished illiteracy and incorporated science in basic education. On the other hand lack of proper science based education have has great social consequences for the developing countries in terms of poverty, productivity and other problems. The gap between the developed and developing countries in terms of scientific efforts, institutions, policy and planning need to be narrowed for ra betterespect, understanding             

Tuesday, 18 October 2005

Serving Human Needs-Nuclear Technology for clean drinking water

Clean drinking water
In the last century human population trebled, but fresh water consumption was six folded. Without efficient water resources development, management and use, half of the world’s population will be living in water stress region with competition from agricultural, industrial and domestic use. This is what World Water Vision unit of the World Water Council warns. Forty years ago human population was three billion; today it is over six billion. By 2050 it is expected to hit 9 billion. But the availability of water to meet the growing demands remains unchanged. Without water we cannot survive more than three days. As of now one out of five people on the planet earth does not have access to safe drinking water. Every year more than three million people die of waterborne diseases of
which two million are young children. A blue circle appeared to be mostly covered with water as visualized from outer space, the earth is in fact two third filled with water. However over 95% of earth’s water is salty or brackish. Of the remaining 3% about seventy five percent is locked in ice caps and glaciers. In fact the inventory of fresh/
clean water available for human use is less than one tenth of one percent of all water on the earth. No wonder the Ancient Mariner Lamented “ water, water every where nor any drop to drink.”